Carmine – Natural (NR 4)
The commercial production of standard Carmine pigment continues in the Canaries and Peru. The Cochineal insect is the base of a powerful red dye, which is further developed into a lake pigment. As used by the top cosmetic houses for lipstick but also still used as a natural base food colorant.
As a watercolour it is intense and very transparent. Reduced permanence when exposed to direct sunlight
Brilliant Yellow (PW 6, PY 53)
This is a special grade of Nickel Titanium Yellow pigment, blended with best quality Titanium dioxide to create this off-white shade. Ideal for highlights, where white alone is too invasive. Opaque as mass tone, some transparency as a wash. Permanent.
Lemon Yellow (Nickel Titanate) (PY53)
Modern, opaque metal mineral pigment. Very good hiding power.
Horton Lemon (PY3)
Synthetic organic pigment, very intense – cool lemon shade. Transparent when diluted to a wash.
Cadmium Lemon Yellow (PY35)
Opaque, intense, dense. Slightly transparent when compared to Cadmium Yellow.